Evergreens-Fir, Spruce, Juniper, Cedar
Mountain Ash Berries
High Bush Cranberries
Use your imagination for much more!
Again, Cashman Nursery will be selling Christmas trees both at our nursery and on West Main across from Bozeman High School., open 7 days a week after Thanksgiving. We will have 10 different varieties, plus wreaths and garland!
- Scotch Pine – Perfect conical shape, medium to long needled, will hold heavy ornaments, good sturdy branching, dyed.
- White Pine – Soft, long needled, dyed, weak branching so no heavy ornaments, pretty, hold up well unless in the sun.
- Balsam Fir – The most fragrant, traditional shape.
- Frasier Fir – Perfect layered shape for holding ornaments, short needled, fragrant, holds needles well.
- Grand Fir – Bright green, tiered flat needles.
- Douglas Fir – Open branches, don’t look as sheared as others, very natural, we cut these fresh weekly!
- Norway Pine – Long needles, holds needles well.
- Alpine Fir – From high elevations in the surrounding forests, very tiered branching, holds needles very well, most are narrow.
- Lodgepole Pine – More open like other native trees- sometimes they will have cones still on them, Western look We cut these fresh weekly.
- Colorado Spruce – Very full but have sharp needles. Layered.
- Doug Fir – For outdoors because it can stand up to the cold.
- White Pine – Can be used inside or outside.
- Cedar – Inside only because it can’t handle the cold
TIP: Spraying with Wilt-Stop will preserve the garland a little longer, and makes the garland glossy!
Wreaths and Swags
We will customize your wreath… Available decorations include dried flowers, pheasant feathers, pine cones, berries (rose hips), and bows. We also make a variety of bows that customers can purchase individually.
WE SELL BUNDLES OF BOUGHS, SHORT OR LONG NEEDLED, INEXPENSIVELY!
Live Christmas Trees
- We sell Colorado Spruce and Dwarf Alberta Spruce in pots for live Christmas trees.
- Trees can only be inside for about a week. If they are inside any longer than that the trees will break dormancy. They have not had a long enough dormant period yet so they may not survive.
- Ideally there should be a hole dug for the tree before the ground freezes so the tree can be planted right away. If there isn’t a hole it can be heeled in with wood chips or some kind of mulch. Or stored in an unheated or slightly heated building and watered a few times.
Other Christmas Tree Tips
- Trim ½” to 1” off the butt of the tree (a fresh cut) before you put the tree in the stand so that the tree can absorb the maximum amount of water.
- Keep the tree watered, it will soak up the most water in the first few days and taper off from there.
- Use of a preservative like Tree Life can prolong the length of time a tree holds up well.
Gifts for gardeners at Cashman Nursery include: Gift Certificates, Felco pruners, gardening tools, books, and attractive containers.
by Jan Cashman 11/21/10
Wreaths have been used for decorating for thousands of years; their unending circle symbolizes eternity. Wreaths worn as headdresses were used as awards in the ancient Olympics, or to celebrate religious holidays. Germany, the initiator of many of our Christmas traditions and decorations, started the Advent wreath, where a candle is added to a wreath on a table for each of the Sundays in Advent, the four weeks before Christmas. Today we hang wreaths outside our doors as a “Welcome,” not only at Christmastime, but during all seasons.
Creating your own custom wreath can be fun and give you beautiful, unique results. If you’re ambitious, start from scratch by cutting easy-to-work-with Douglas fir boughs, found abundantly in our surrounding forest. Group together 3 or 4 small branches cut 6 to 8” long and wrap onto a wreath ring with wire. I don’t recommend spruce boughs for a wreath; they dry out quickly and their needles are prickly. Or you can save time and simply purchase a plain evergreen wreath.
For color and texture, add other kinds of evergreen boughs to your wreath, such as deep green, long needled pines, flat green arborvitae, or bluish juniper boughs with their blue-gray berries. You might be able to find some of these in your own backyard. Tuck these boughs well into the wreath facing the same direction as the original boughs and secure with a hot glue gun.
Large Ponderosa pine cones make a perfect addition to your wreath. Long, thin spruce cones are hard to work with but small Douglas fir cones are interesting because of the little bracts sticking out between each scale on the cone. Or use three or more tiny larch cones wired together so they don’t get lost in the wreath. Secure the heavier pine cones onto your wreath with wire, rather than gluing them.
Shop the craft stores or buy themed tree ornaments for decorations to make your wreath’s theme come to life. Most of these decorations can be easily attached to your wreath with wire or a glue gun. Here are a few popular themes:
Flies, lures, and bobbers make a wreath with a fishing theme.
Tiny cowboy hats, ropes, spurs, and a red and black plaid bow can make your wreath truly ‘Montana made’. Tuck in a little sage-brush for its contrasting gray-green color along with red twig dogwood branches.
Candy canes, ribbon candy or peppermints make great wreath decorations. (Add some dried apples and oranges or a string of cranberries to make it healthier.)
For the gardener in your life, glue on small garden tools, tiny terra cotta pots, and colorful seed packets. Dried flowers complete the theme. My favorite wreath is one full of colorful flowers I’ve dried from last summer’s garden. I sometimes leave the bow off, so the wreath transcends the seasons — I keep mine up until after Valentine’s Day.
Here are some favorite dried plants that can be glued on to enhance your wreath:
- Rose hips give your wreath a splash of red-orange color.
- Steel blue globe thistle flowers will last all winter.
- White baby’s breath or perennial statice create a delicate look.
- Dried hydrangea flowers are stunning in a wreath. When dried, the large flowers are off- white or light green.
- Yarrow, annual statice, even zinnias hold their bright colors when dried in their peak of bloom.
- Dried herbs, seeds, and pods give your wreath a natural, country look.
Wire on a full, fluffy bow for the finishing touch to your wreath. My husband, Jerry, thinks a Christmas wreath needs a bright red bow. However, many beautiful colors and prints of ribbon are available today, from plaids to prints to metalics, to deep reds and greens. Use wire ribbon to easily create a bow that makes a statement. Keep the bow in scale with your wreath—big wreaths need big bows. If your wreath is going to be outside, make sure your bow is made of weather-proof material.
To help your wreath last longer, especially if it will be kept inside, soak it in water before you start to decorate, or spray it with ‘Wilt Pruf’ anti desiccant.
Have fun making your special wreath and MERRY CHRISTMAS!
For that special gardener on your Christmas list…
- Felco pruners, the Cadillac of pruners. A Swiss-made tool they will use for years with all replaceable parts!
- We have a good selection of BOOKS to pour over this winter when you can’t garden outside. How about a book like Plants of the Rocky Mountains or one on vegetable gardening?
- Huge Amaryllis bulbs for forcing indoors — try bright red ones for Christmas!
- Delicate, fragrant paperwhite narcissus for forcing indoors.
- GIFT CERTIFICATES — The gift that lets that special gardener chose what they want when they want it at Cashman Nursery.
by Jan Cashman 11/16/08
There are many stories about when and where the first Christmas tree came to be, but most think the tradition originated in northern Germany. Pagans in Europe were using evergreen boughs to celebrate winter festivals even before the birth of Christ. Then, in the twelfth century, fir trees began being hung upside down from ceilings in central Europe as a sign of Christianity. Many sources say the first Christmas tree was actually decorated in Riga, Latvia, in 1510.
In England, the Christmas tree tradition started in the 1840’s, when Queen Victoria married Prince Albert from Germany. The custom soon moved to America. The first Christmas trees both in Europe and the U.S. were cut from surrounding forests. Commercial Christmas tree farms or plantations came on the scene in the Northeastern U.S. as early as 1900.
It is hard to find a family in America today, whatever their religion, that doesn’t put a holiday tree in their living room in December. The majority of these trees are grown on plantations. Scotch pine, sheared to a perfect, dense shape, is the most commonly grown Christmas tree. Scotch’s popularity is decreasing, however, probably because its density and sharp needles make it difficult to decorate, it often has a thick, crooked trunk, and has little or no Christmas tree aroma.
Most families make it a tradition to buy the same variety of Christmas tree every year. Some choose white pines because of their soft, fluffy needles. However, the thin branches of white pines are not strong enough to hold heavy ornaments. Long-needled Norway and ponderosa pines are less frequently used as Christmas trees, but these two pines have stiffer branches and hold onto their needles for a long time after they are cut.
Short-needled firs are replacing Scotch pine as the most popular Christmas trees in the U.S. Balsam fir, native from Minnesota east, has a traditional shape and wonderful, evergreen smell. Commercially grown in eastern Minnesota where I grew up, balsam fir was my family’s Christmas tree. Fraser fir, native to the southern Appalachians, has gained popularity in recent years because it has all the characteristics desired in a Christmas tree: a perfect shape with spaces between the branches to hang ornaments, needle retention, fresh green color without dye, and evergreen aroma.
The most common Christmas tree used herein Southwestern Montana is the Douglas fir. If you go into the mountains to cut your own tree with a Forest Service permit, chances are you will cut a Douglas fir. Douglas fir has the natural look many Montanans like. It smells good and lasts a long time. Subalpine fir, found at high elevations, has layered branches and a tall, pyramidal shape that is easy to decorate. This year, Montana has sent an alpine fir, harvested in the Bitterroot National Forest, to Washington DC for our Capitol’s Christmas tree. Lodgepole pines, also found in Montana’s forests, are tall and sparse because they grow so close together. If you find one standing apart from other trees, it will be fuller and make a great ‘Montana’ Christmas tree.
How people decorate their Christmas trees has changed over the years. In the first half of the 20th Century, traditional decorations of glass balls and ornaments were used. Real candles were lit on the treeâ€”a dangerous practice. In the 50’s, aluminum trees came into vogue. They were shiny and metallic, lit up from the base with a rotating color wheel. Flocked trees in pink, blue, or white, with glass balls of the same color, provided a nontraditional, monochromatic color scheme popular back then. Tinsel, first used in Germany years ago, was popular in the U.S. in the 50’s and 60’s.
Recent trends, tasteful or not, include trees hung upside down (A throwback to the middle ages?), fiber optic trees, and mini trees decorated with miniature ornaments, good for smaller homes where space is a premium. Martha Stewart has popularized ‘theme’ trees. Around here, decorators like to use a western cowboy theme on Christmas trees, especially when they are decorating the tree for visitors who are coming to ski over the holidays.
Although slower to catch on here where people prefer natural to artificial, the trend the last few years has been toward artificial trees. Artificial trees are convenient, clean, and safe. And today the upper-end artificial trees look very real. This trend has been hard on Christmas tree growers (Northwestern Montana produces a lot of Christmas trees.); many have had to consolidate, plant other crops, or go out of business.
Finally, a few hints to make your Christmas tree last: If you plan to put your Christmas tree up early, choose a type of tree that retains its needles well such as fraser or Douglas fir, or Norway or lodgepole pine. Remember to make a fresh cut on the bottom of the tree’s trunk right before you put it in its stand. Most important, keep water in the stand at all times! Enjoy the wonderful Christmas tree tradition and Merry Christmas!